The ground when exposed to the sun’s heat and various other environmental factors for a prolonged time, could lead to desertification, which is a severe case of land pollution. It is estimated that eighty percent of land animals and plants live in forests. Another effect on land pollution are coal fires. Soil that is filled with toxic chemicals will not sustain life and poses a health risk to children who might play there. Effluents from factories, industries and residential areas, when not properly segregated and managed, find their ways into the soil, depositing tonnes of chemical waste into the earth. Conversely, while not documented, no one would dispute that the effect of seeing barren or polluted land is depressing. Land pollution occurs when solid or liquid waste materials deposits on land or underground that can contaminate the soil and groundwater “ Causes of Land pollution This applies too to regulations governing mining and industrial waste and disposal of solid and hazardous waste. Land pollution refers to the deterioration of the earth’s land surfaces, at and below ground level. For example, although cassava is the third most consumed carbohydrate in the world, the practice of dumping its toxic byproducts, that is, hazardous solid and liquid residues directly onto the land, continues in Nigeria today. Some, such as huge landfills or quarries, are very obvious; others, such as atmospheric deposition (where land becomes contaminated when air pollution falls onto it) are much less apparent. One of the most unnoticed of all the major causes of land pollution are the millions of miles of unpaved roads around the world. And it is our actions that inevitably pollutes the land, which causes the planet the most harm. The removal of plants has led t… If you can’t skip it, then reuse! While many human activities and even some natural calamities have been responsible for land pollution, as you will see below, industrialisation clearly had the biggest role to play in this steady destruction of the planet. Land developers capitalizing on urban sprawl cut down forests, as does the agricultural industry in order to increase the amount of land for growing crops. Related Post. We behaved similarly with another essential resource required for our survival – water! We are a couple of environmentalists who seek inspiration for life in simple values based on our love for nature. The web has been broken when the biodiversity that enables life has been destroyed. Today, we have brought you the causes and effects of it. Typical examples of such waste material are glass, metal and the most popular ‘plastic’! The toxic chemicals absorbed via ingestion or skin absorption make their way up the food chain as they are stored in the tissue of the marine life and magnified as larger fish eat more of the tinier prey, so that the meal can be quite toxic by the time the fish makes it to our dinner plate. These nuclear waste, if it comes in contact with people, can cause severe and long-term genetic health issues. Causes of Land … Continue reading "Land Pollution" But there are even more serious problems how land pollution affects the environment. The rising construction of building takes away the trees that takes away the homes of the animals living there. It’s simple. This is where the earth is either scraped or blasted to get to the mineral seams. But the destruction of land directly or indirectly by human are worse than the natural cause. Construction sites can always found to be littered with metal, wood, bricks, plastic etc. A possibility is bringing religious leaders into the picture to help educate their followers. Wow interesting to know! Land pollution is also especially dangerous since the pollutants eventually seep down and pollute the groundwater and other water sources. Landfill regulations prescribe actions that must be taken to remove leachate from the landfills during its years of operation and upon closure, but the reality is that while it may be years before the leachate gets into the groundwater, eventually it will. It also allows for easy runoff of fertilizers and other applied chemicals. Land pollution is a grave issue that is slowly killing life on earth, and sadly, we are still unaware of its effects. Over time, the soil turns poisonous and is harmful to the various microbes and insects, and in turn the birds and animals that feed on them. Causes of land Pollution. The toxic chemicals can lodge in the ground sediment of the stream, adversely affecting the aquatic life that sustains itself by sheltering and feeding there. Soil that is contaminated becomes less productive and this reduces the value of land. The spreading of plant protection products such as pesticides and herbicides, as well as the emissions of livestock buildings and farms are at the origin of soil pollution, in particular by nitrogen and phosphates. We are working hard to improve our content. Let's consider the main causes and types of land pollution in turn. LAND POLLUTION: The contamination of and with different kinds of wastes is called land pollution. Leaching radioactive cancer-causing isotopes into the soil, only five miles from the rushing Columbia River [22]. Human activities have gradually destroyed and degraded the land, causing diseases to humans and animals, reducing the ability to support the surrounding ecosystems and their numerous species. In most cases, one can easily draw a direct line between the degeneration of soil, and the human activities such as construction, mining, waste dumping etc. The truth is that nobody can see the future, however with the ever increasing human population, there is one major problem that has been getting worse over time: land pollution. However, a lot of matter is left behind which is highly radioactive and contains many deadly chemicals. The construction of landfills is generally overseen by a governmental agency responsible for solid waste disposal and involve compliance with regulations to safeguard the leaching of their contents into the soil. Explain the possible solution to land pollution “Land pollution is the Contamination of undesirable substances that makes Soil or Land dirty and unhealthy which is harmful to the lives of the earth. The salinity they contribute can make life uninhabitable for crops and microorganisms. Various Causes of Land Pollution Land pollution is the destruction or decline in quality of the Earth’s land surfaces in term of use, landscape and ability to support life forms. Costs of treating well water, in those situations where the contamination has been discovered by neighbors was $1.12 billion between 1991 and 2004. Our goal is to inspire people to change their attitudes and behaviors toward a more sustainable life. Nor is the problem confined to abandoned lots or illegal dumpsites. Too, many developing countries have little or no enforced regulation. Overpopulation and excessive industrial activities lead to a lot of sewage waste being generated. municipal solid waste pollution Municipal solid waste (MSW) on a beach. Prior to being banned in 1977 due to its adverse effects on humans and wildlife and long-term persistence in the environment, PCBs or polychlorinated biphenyls were widely used in industrial coatings and insulation materials for transformers as well as hydraulic fluids, fluorescent lights and various consumer goods. This waste often becomes toxic when exposed to air and water. Soil pollution is caused by degrading the land by mixing harmful organic and non-organic materials in it. This human activity appears more than a little reckless when considering that it takes 500 years to naturally produce 2.5 cm topsoil in ideal conditions, absent of ecological changes [3]. And finally, the third ‘R’ – Recycle. It appears that the double-shelled tanks storing radioactive waste have sprung leaks. Metals, coal and precious stones are raw materials that have to be extracted from the earth through mining. This has further consequences for us as part of the web of life. Land pollution is the destruction of land as a result of human’s activities and the misuse of land resources. Where there are no plants, there is no oxygen-generating mechanism (photosynthesis), no food or habitat for wildlife, amphibians, insects, and probably few, if any microorganisms to aerate, detoxify and regenerate the soil. Sources of soil pollution can be direct, for example, from dumping toxic chemicals directly on to a site, or indirect, for example where toxic chemicals leach through the soil from particulates that have settled from air pollution from a nearby lead smelter [1]. The runoff is not only continuing, unabated, but is expected to increase as the demand for corn to feed cattle and as a biofuel increases [15]. Land pollution is a major problem around the world and is caused by a variety of factors. Say the effects of land pollution . Which means that the land and its soil, having lost their original nourishing capacity, is no longer able to support life. For these reasons, nuclear waste is usually dumped deep beneath the ground. Such kind of pollution is caused either due to natural events such as soil erosion or due to excessive soil contamination. And finally, but far from the least, the base-camp of all the trash moving around the planet – Landfills. The US Department of Agriculture sets the cost of wastewater treatment to remove these nitrates at $1.7 billion a year. Landfill liners are not foolproof and the liquid that leaches from them is toxic. In fact, agriculture has been found to be the direct cause if 80 percent of deforestation worldwide [11]. For humans to cause species to become extinct and to destroy the biological diversity of God’s creation, for humans to degrade the integrity of the earth by causing changes in its climate, by stripping the earth of its natural forests, or destroying its wetlands, for humans to contaminate the earth’s waters, its land, its air and its life with poisonous substances, these are sins. Land pollution is defined as a degradation or even destruction of the earth’s surface and soil as a result of human activities. Only when a large number of well-informed people come together and demand a change, do governments and businesses tend to listen. All of the activities mentioned above, that cause land pollution, also requires the land to be cleared first. Read this for a reality check the famous article Era of Plastic Overkill. UPES UG Apply Now. It is, however, the varied human activities that primarily harms the earth. The high cost of filtering agricultural chemicals in wastewater treatment plants is ultimately absorbed by the drinking water consumer and one must question whether that is a fair allocation of expenses or whether the agriculture specialist responsible for the pollution should bear the cost, resulting in a better likelihood of more responsible decision-making. Wrong irrigation practices also lead to the accumulation of free salts, degrading the soil and leading to a condition called soil salinisation. Hydraulic fracturing, which is used to recover natural gas and oil from the ground, releases some of these hydrocarbons into the surrounding rock, which can then seep into the groundwater. Presently the United States is facing a very big problem at the Hanford Nuclear Waste facility. A drive down any road reveals that humans contribute to land degradation by littering. Here are 5 Simple Tips To Reduce Plastic Waste. What is not sprayed or directly drift on to the land, enters the soil through the plant’s roots and via the carcasses of the target insects and organisms and debris of the dead weeds. Industrial pollution causes land pollution: What can we do to prevent land pollution? Toxic chemicals can leach into the soil and reach the water table below, often a source of drinking water for the nearby community. Land pollution can be caused by natural means or by humans. We must be diligent in insuring that tough laws are enacted that require the very best pollution control technologies imaginable, pass strict pollution emission standards and make sure they are enforced. Only by possessing adequate knowledge we can focus on the necessary prevention of land and global pollution overall. Many species cannot adapt to these severe changes in temperature and many species do not survive the destruction of their habitats [10]. just a basic video on its causes, effects, and solutions Mining also further degrades the land by disturbing its soil structure. Effects of land pollution on the environment, Why Is Biodiversity Important to Ecosystems, many species do not survive the destruction of their habitats, easy runoff of fertilizers and other applied chemicals, apply highly toxic fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, herbicides and insecticides, Urbanization contributes to land degradation. Children playing in areas of PCBs can absorb the toxins through their skin. Not as obvious are the oils, paints and other hazardous household wastes disposed of along roads because they are not accepted by most household waste collectors. The contamination destroys the healthy organisms responsible for generating new vegetative growth. Such a polluted land, although may increase the production for a short while, in the long run, the productivity goes down. It is a global issue that needs to be fixed immediately. The school board built a school and playground above the dump and sold surrounding property to private developers and homeowners. On the other hand, sewage treatment still leaves behind the waste matter that needs to be disposed of, and straight off they go sit in a landfill, only to continue polluting the land! Even though there are these so-called ‘strict’ regulations in place to check the leaking of industrial waste into the environment, ground reality sees a lot of this waste being dumped in landfills, where it makes a massive contribution to land pollution. Studies in US western states showed success rates of new seedlings taking purchase between ten and thirty percent [19]. What is the key to their success?https://t.co/179Z5AnYTw pic.twitter.com/Qw7hXuBBQK. The mining process utilises heavy metals and many toxic chemicals such as sulphuric acid. Forty percent of the world’s mines are strip mines. Plastic continuously breaks down, and while doing so, leaches out deadly toxins such as BPA, which is linked to cancer. Over time a lot of dust, sediments etc. Land pollution can be due to natural ways or by humans. Loggers are not the only ones responsible for the rapid deforestation of the earth. A loss of minerals and fertility can make the land less valuable. Much of this agricultural land is required to grow crops for animal feed, primarily cattle for the beef industry. Gravel & Dust From Unpaved Roads One of the most unnoticed of all the major causes of land pollution are the millions of miles of unpaved roads around the world. It is primarily because of our irresponsible behaviour of consuming in excess that leads us here to this stage, that we must now fight to protect the planet. Natural vegetation has deep roots that hold the soil in its place. A Miracle or a Curse: What is Single Use Plastic? The world population increase and increased demand for a food supply is causing forests and grasslands to be converted to farmland. One cause of land pollution can be mining. The ash and particles from burning fell to the earth and were absorbed by the soil. Deforestation is another serious cause of land pollution. Almost all of the places of human dwelling and community activities such as homes, hospitals, schools, offices etc., tend to generate a lot of waste that is non-biodegradable. It was later conveyed by the chemical company owners to the local school district for $1 with full disclosure of the chemicals then buried underground, in consideration for a release of liability in perpetuity. Such deforestation in itself causes severe land pollution. Urbanization contributes to land degradation in a number of ways, including the negative impact of construction on soil, the displacement and destruction of animal and species habitat and the greater demand for waste disposal, generally meaning larger landfills removed from the city. Some of main causes of soil pollution include deforestation and consequent erosion, agriculture, industry, mining, landfills and illegal dumping of waste as well as urbanization and construction [8]. Land Pollution. And a problem when the reclamation is attempted is that the land has become so degraded it often cannot support newly seeded growth. This happens since, mining requires a lot of surface land clearing, drilling, excavating etc. Let us know if you liked this article. The broad range of substances that spill on the land is the primary cause of land pollution. The herbicide atrazine mentioned above has been found to cause changes in the reproductive systems in frogs, turning male frogs female.. Forest are cut down because people want more settlement space and also for farming purposes. One of the largest causes of land pollution is mining activities As the demand for goods increases along with the growing population, the demand for raw materials also increases. Click here to cancel reply. Land Pollution can simply be defined as the contamination or degradation of earth surface. Land pollution can be defined as the destruction of the planet’s land surface. Many of the replacement plants, like cotton, coffee, wheat and soybeans do not have deep roots and allow soil erosion. Removal of even a portion of the canopy changes the environment of the forest as the canopy blocks the harmful sunlight and keeps in heat at night. The removal of plant cover not only eliminates wildlife habitats and food for wildlife, but it also degrades the soil by leaving it barren and without the roots of plants to hold it in place, vulnerable to erosion. The expansion of housing developments, businesses, industry, infrastructure and agriculture all necessitated by an unprecedented population explosion over recent years accounts for humans modifying over 50 percent of the earth’s topsoil [2]. Today, almost all soil has at least small amounts of PCB [6]. Greentumble is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. 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